I would like to start by stating that I was deeply disturbed by the deaths and injuries in Gaza. The violence has been both shocking and tragic. There are a number of important facts which need to be established urgently, including why live fire was used. The Government is supportive of an independent and transparent investigation into the violence and is working at the UN to find the correct formula for this investigation.
I believe the Palestinian right to protest is important, however these protests must remain peaceful. I am extremely concerned that extremist elements may have used the protests to further their own violent, political aims against the State of Israel and it is important to fully establish the facts. Above all, it is critical that this violence is not repeated and that all those involved commit to peaceful protest, restraint and observe international law.
There is a pressing need for all parties to reach a wider agreement that addresses the underlying causes of conflict in Gaza and to take the necessary steps to ensure Gaza's reconstruction and economic recovery. I believe any agreement needs to ensure that Hamas and other militant groups permanently end attacks against Israel, that the Palestinian Authority resumes control of Gaza to provide effective governance and that Israel lifts its restrictions to ease the suffering of ordinary Palestinians.
The international community must redouble its efforts to support a comprehensive peace agreement that delivers a safe and secure Israel alongside an independent Palestine. A two-state solution brought about through agreement is the most effective way for Palestinian aspirations of statehood to be met.
I therefore do not believe in imposing a blanket arms embargo on Israel as I believe this would risk alienating Israel, making it harder to reach such a peace agreement. In addition, the UK's defence exports support a country's legitimate right to self-defence and Israel has this right as much as any other nation. I know that the Government takes its arms export responsibilities very seriously and operates one of the most robust licensing systems in the world and a licence would not be issued for any country if there was a clear risk that any exports might be used in the commission of a serious violation of International Humanitarian Law.
I can assure you, however, that the Government is deeply concerned by the humanitarian situation in Gaza. The UK is providing humanitarian support through a number of programmes including those of the UN Children's Fund (UNICEF). Of this support, £1.9 million is helping to support up to a million people in Gaza by providing access to clean water and sanitation facilities in order to prevent the spread of disease.